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19 Mysterious Things That Happen in the Female Body Every Month, and We Are Not Even Aware of Them

The female body produces estrogen and progesterone hormones in different amounts. It’s these that are responsible for skin blemishes, bad moods, and pain during periods. It’s also thanks to them that our brain increases in size a little bit every month and decreases later.

Bright Side studied scientific research and is ready to share with you some information about which day of the cycle a woman should go on dates and when the best period is to ask your boss for a promotion.

1st-5th days: Blood can come out of anywhere.

  • The cycle begins on the first day of your period. At this time the uterus gets rid of an unfertilized egg, and the body produces a huge amount of the hormone, prostaglandin, which we can thank for those crampy pains in our abdomen and lower back.
  • Some women get nosebleeds, their eye capillaries burst, and fresh wounds might start oozing blood. It’s called vicarious menstruation, or additional menstruation. Basically, it’s believed that there is no place on the body where menstruation couldn’t occur. As a rule, this happens because the blood pressure in the body goes above normal — the capillaries swell and burst.
  • Blemishes gradually disappear and the skin’s oiliness decreases significantly. At the same time, a not so pleasant effect appears — the skin becomes extremely sensitive.
  • At the beginning of the cycle, there is little estrogen in the blood that’s why many women feel a lack of energy and get tired faster than usual.
  • Blood clots may appear in the discharge (which are the result of coagulation). This is how the body tries to protect itself from excessive bleeding.
  • Closer to the end of the period, old blood that has stored in the uterus, oxidizes and changes color from a bright red tinge to dark brown.

6th-13th days: The best time for communicating with people

  • The level of estrogen increases, the woman feels the boost of energy and becomes more active.
  • It becomes easier to communicate with other people and the orientation in space improves. It’s also believed that women are more emphatic right after menstruation and they can feel what emotions those in their surroundings feel.
  • During this period, a new egg develops in the ovaries and the body starts to prepare for the possibility of conception.

14th-15th days: A woman is the most beautiful at this time.

  • The egg has ripened and is moving toward the uterus in anticipation of conception. This process lasts no longer than 2 days and the level of estrogen is at its peak at this time.
  • A woman becomes exceptionally beautiful — her skin is smooth, matte, velvet. At the same time, her libido arrives to its maximum as well.
  • Due to the high concentration of estrogen, a so-called implicit memory (it’s when a person makes actions based on their past experience but doesn’t realize it) improves. As a result, many actions are performed automatically.
  • Implicit memory works vice versa as well — everything you’ll be doing during ovulation will stay on your brain’s subcortex. Therefore, this time is considered one of the best for practicing skills, like driving a car or learning a language.
  • Estrogen actively affects the hippocampus, which is involved in the storage of memories. That’s the part of the brain that increases in size every month.
  • Hormones also act on the amygdala in the brain, which is responsible for processing emotions, especially fear. When the concentration of estrogen in the blood reaches its peak, a woman makes the best decisions in critical situations.

16th-28th days: All processes in the body decrease.

  • The egg has left the follicle and there is something called corpus luteum that gets formed in its place. This is a temporary gland that secretes progesterone. Thanks to this hormone, all processes in the body slow down. Many women experience swelling. Small abscesses might appear as well, due to the fact that the skin becomes more oily. The closer you are to the first day of the cycle, the more pronounced these signs will be.
  • Libido decreases and premenstrual syndrome shows itself at its best. The breasts also become more sensitive.
  • The level of estrogen slowly decreases and reaches its bottom by the end of the cycle. This hormone helps cope with fear, which is why the feeling of anxiety often increases during premenstrual and postmenstrual periods. Generally, due to the “game of hormones,” it might become more difficult to control any emotions before menstruation.
  • If conception doesn’t happen, the corpus luteum is destroyed and a new cycle begins.

Of course, it’s all individual — some people don’t experience mood swings and other signs, while others literally fall out of their everyday life for several days. Does your cycle have unique features? We would be glad to hear from you in the comments!

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