8 Unsettling Discoveries That Contradict Historical Textbooks
Almost every year, scientists make new discoveries that often contradict what’s written in history textbooks. Some of them even fundamentally change our knowledge about Earth.
Bright Side gathered 8 astounding facts that will make you rethink your whole knowledge system.
1. Prehistoric men and dinosaurs coexisted.
In 2012 in Dawson County, Montana, paleontologist Otis E. Kline, Jr. discovered a triceratops brow horn. After thorough research, scientists claimed that the horn can be dated to around 33,500 years ago. This evidence strongly contradicts the well-known fact that dinosaurs died out around 65 million years ago. This discovery makes the coexistence of prehistoric men and dinosaurs possible.
2. Antarctica was a tropical paradise.
Although today 98% of Antarctica is covered with solid ice, scientists think that 50 million years ago the south pole was a tropical island.
Having explored the territory, they found the fossilized remains of thermophilous plants — baobabs and ferns — as well as the ancient reptile ichthyosaur, which lived in warm areas. This amazing discovery made it possible to conclude that more than 50 million years ago the coldest, most desolate place on Earth was covered with palm trees and white sandy beaches.
3. The Romans discovered America.
There are suggestions that the Romans landed in America much earlier than Columbus did. In 1933, a tiny head sculpture was found under an old building in Mexico. The head’s facial features match those of Roman artifacts created in the 2nd century BC, and it looks nothing like the works of local artists of that time.
The archaeologists also found a collection of 3rd-century Roman vases in the Guanabara Bay near Rio de Janeiro. This might be very strong evidence of the fact that America was discovered by the Romans.
4. Giant stone spheres in Costa Rica
Another unsolved mystery that baffles many scientists is the origin of the giant stone spheres found in Costa Rica. Their shape is perfectly round, and they are made of different materials: limestone, sandstone, and magmatic rock. Their approximate weight is 16 tons each.
The stones form different figures on the ground: triangles, lines, and astronomical arrangements. However, their intended use is still unknown, and ancient civilizations left us no hints.
5. Where else did people build pyramids?
The Egyptian pyramids are perhaps the most immense and unique structures on the planet. However, in 2015, amateur archaeologist Semir Osmanagić made a sensational discovery: people built pyramids in Bosnia long before the construction of the Pyramids of Giza.
The world’s leading scholars were very skeptical about the discovery and even called it pseudoarchaeological. They claimed that the Visočica hill is no more than a natural formation. Osmanagić is firmly against this. And who knows? Maybe someday he’ll find strong proof of his ideas.
6. Ingots from the legendary Atlantis
The existence of the legendary Atlantis still bothers many scientists and archaeologists. However, a recent discovery might end this endless dispute. Diver Franco Cassarino made an amazing find near the coast of Gela in Sicily: 39 ingots under a 2,600-year-old shipwreck.
Experts proved that the ingots were made of orichalcum, a rare fuse of molten rocks. Archaeologists claim that the discovery proves the existence of a formerly prosperous nation. According to Plato, orichalcum was valuable and was found in many parts of the legendary Atlantis in ancient times.
7. Ancient art may prove that Asians discovered America.
In several US states, scientists have found thousands of carved stone drawings. Some of them were identified as ancient Chinese scripts. Researchers concluded that the Asians were present in the northern part of the modern US around 1300 BC — much earlier than Columbus or even the Romans.
8. Life on Mars
"Is there life on Mars?" is an extremely popular question. Recent discoveries might help scientists reach an agreement on the matter. Researchers found out that part of the red planet’s surface was once covered by a huge ocean.
The data from the artificial satellites and the Mars Rovers confirms that Mars used to have a higher surface temperature, and it was covered with water. This new data suggests that Mars could have been inhabited millions of years ago.
Bonus: the origins of powerlifting
It is widely believed that powerlifting originated in the US in the late 1950s. However, the origin of this sport stretches back as far as Greek and Roman times. Milo of Croton was a Greek wrestler famous for his amazing strength and wrestling skills. According to the legend, Milo picked up a small calf and decided to carry it on his shoulders. He did it almost every day until the calf became a full-grown bull. Many believe that this legend might mark the origin of modern powerlifting.
Preview photo credit wikia