We’re flying past the planets of our Solar System. We pass by Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Then we move through dark space beyond the edge of our world. We’ve reached our destination. It’s the Oort cloud. It’s a hypothetical region around the Solar System that holds tons of asteroids and blocks of ice. It’s likely to be where the largest comet in human history was born. And now, it’s heading toward the Sun! Bernardinelli-Bernstein was discovered totally by accident during the Dark Energy Survey. Our telescopes were pointed at distant space. Their main goal was to learn more about how the Universe was expanding. Astronomers also wanted to make a more detailed map of the observable universe.Scientists analyzed over 80,000 images and found a moving object. It was alarmingly close to our home planet. Its size was an impressive 62[ml (100 km)] miles. That’s about the width of Lake Michigan. It was an already active comet with a long tail. Usually, comets get a tail when they come close to the Sun. The heat from the star warms the comet’s surface, and light materials, like ice, begin to evaporate. This forms a cloud of steam and dust that stretches far beyond the comet.
You almost fall down on the floor as you jolt awake at the airport. Surprisingly, it’s the silence that has woken you up. Usually, airports are full of hectic activity. Passengers are in a hurry to catch their flight. Announcements are made every minute. Planes take off and land.
You call your beloved cat to have his dinner. Sir Scratchy! Suddenly, you hear loud stomping. The dishes on the dinner table clink with every thump. A painting’s fallen off the wall! Is it an earthquake? No, that’s a cat the size of a pony walking into the dining room! It needs ten times as much food as the average cat. And it purrs like a tractor! No, Scratchy, stop rolling, you’ll turn over the cupboard! Well, this is one possible scenario for the evolution of animals in the future. Climate, water, oxygen in the air, and even gravity are factors that influence the course of evolution. For example, scientists predict that some bird species will gradually lose their warm feathers. In the future, they will basically look like sphinx cats with beaks and wings. The same thing might happen to our pets. Gradually, their fur will become shorter until they’re completely bald.
A giant, roiling mountain of a thundercloud is moving towards you. It’s completely black and goes in stark contrast with the bright blue sky right above and behind you. You see a blinding flash and, in a few seconds, a deafening whip-like crack of thunder. And then, the rain starts gushing down from the heavens.The wind rises, you see treetops bending low towards the ground some miles away and getting closer by the second. You freeze in place, realizing you can’t escape anyway. But when the rain almost reaches you, its movement suddenly stops. Just a few feet before you, there’s a veritable flood, but right where you stand, it’s dry and even sunny. And after a short while, the angry thundercloud spills its last drops and disperses.
BOOM! An explosion of supersonic waves, interplanetary heat, dust, fumes... The Earth’s atmosphere has been invaded by a cosmic rock the size of Everest! A few seconds ago, this rock, weighing trillions of tons, was hurtling towards Earth. It could fly from New York to Anchorage faster than you could fry yourself an omelet! This monster’s name? The Chicxulub incident. Epic name, right!66 million years ago, it crashed into the Earth. Back then, dinosaurs ruled the planet. But not for long! The epic collision took place in modern Mexico, in the Yucatán Peninsula, right near Cancun, where the dinosaurs were vacationing! Well probably not. Still, the huge space rock hit the ocean, but even all that water couldn’t stop the inevitable.The collision caused a huge amount of energy to be released. The horror on a planetary scale had begun! Imagine a mini sun lighting up the surface of the Earth, with tsunamis the height of the Statue of Liberty bursting from the epicenter of the watery impact. Hmm. Not good.
The county of Kent, England has a cultural treasure called The Margate Shell Grotto. This subterranean passageway is lined with about four and a half million seashells, compiling an intricate mosaic. The gorgeous landmark was stumbled upon by accident in the 1800s, and it’s still engulfed in mystery to this day. That’s because no one knows who built it and why! Experts can’t even figure out how it was built, since they’d need to collect samples from the walls and the removed parts would be irreplaceable. A brief analysis of the substance beneath these shells points to some sort of “fish-based” concoction. Some believe these walls were designed by some sort of evolved ancient civilization. Others described The Margate Shell Grotto as belonging to either Egyptian, Roman, Indian, or Phoenician architecture. One other potential explanation is that the masterpiece was a personal project of an eccentric Victorian aristocrat.
Well, it’s time to stretch your legs and take a walk in the park! The sun is shining, and you enjoy the weather and life on the whole. That’s when you spot a rapidly growing vertical cloud.Bright white at first, it’s approaching alarmingly fast, becoming dense and inky. The sky is darkening, and a gust of wind blows the hat off your head.And then, your hair starts to stand on end! That’s your cue to run for your life — you’re about to be hit by lightning! At this very moment, positive charges are rising through your body.They’re reaching toward the negatively charged part of the storm. If you don’t react fast, these charges will meet, and it’ll end badly for you.
Aah, beautiful. You’re walking with your friend, and look up at the sky. The sun looks a bit different today... like it has some kind of ring around it, a rainbow-type thing. Huh... "Look at that!’’ Your friend pulls his head up out of his phone. “You shouldn’t look directly at the...stop everything,” he says. “It’s a sun halo, we need to find shelter now, unless you have the world’s biggest umbrella on you!”A sun halo is nature’s sign that there’s a snow or rainstorm on its way. It’s caused by clouds that are made of bazillions of small ice crystals, flying around at 20,000 feet (6 km)! Sunlight goes through those crystals, which causes the light to split and refract, like when there’s a rainbow. Now, don’t look at the sun halo directly. It’s gonna be tempting because it’s not something you see every day, plus it’s really beautiful... but ultraviolet light can burn the exposed tissue of your retina and cause serious damage. So not worth it.
Want to figure out together what a cross sea phenomenon is? It’s not a body of water that gets angry all of a sudden if that’s what you’re thinking. (Ha. It was what I was thinking!) It’s more like the ocean playing a game of chess with itself, creating these beautiful square waves. But beware, it’s not just a harmless game! These waves can be seriously dangerous, especially for swimmers and boaters.Imagine being caught in the middle of two opposing swells, waves coming at you from all directions. That’s a cross sea — also called “square waves” — and it can appear and disappear within minutes, making it even more unpredictable and hard to navigate through. They’re more common in shallow waters, like off the coast of France’s Isle of Rhé or on the beaches of Tel Aviv, but they can pop up anywhere around the world.
You travel along the coast of the North Atlantic. In your jeep, you’re driving through the jungles and plains, taking amazing pictures of wildlife for your blog. And then you accidentally come upon a place that isn’t marked on any map. It’s a bay with an azure coast. No human has ever set foot here.You’ve discovered a huge footprint of an unknown creature on the sandy beach. The size of the print is more than half of your vehicle. Suddenly, out of the tropical forest that borders with the beach, you hear a deafening roar. Palm trees crack and break as an unknown monster comes out of the jungle. To understand what it is, let’s go back to the past.
We’re headed to the Middle East. There’s a large desert there, and it’s completely dark. Except for one spot — a big circle that glows with a bright orange light — the Darvaza Crater. And it’s basically just a giant gas burner. Years ago, geologists found gas here, and they started mining for it. But when they excavated, they came across a void underground. The void collapsed, and it formed a crater. This crater is as wide as half a soccer field and as deep as a five-story building. Gas began to come out of the cracks in the crater and since animals were often grazing in this area, the geologists decided to set these gas streams on fire to exhaust the source. Geologists thought the fire would be over in a day or two. But if you come here now, you’ll see this gateway to the underworld is still burning. And it’s been going on for almost 50 years.
It all started with a minor change on our planet. At first, people noticed the Moon had become brighter and a little bigger. But nobody paid attention to this. The Moon affected tides all over the world. The water flooded the beaches, but it wasn’t a tragedy. A lot of fish came close to the shores. People found giant squid, anglerfish, and other creatures next to the coast, although they usually live in the dark depths. New, stranger things happen every day. Birds no longer fly to the south in winter. They gather in huge groups flying around cities with no purpose. The Moon used to help them navigate in nature, so they can’t figure out which way to fly anymore.
When it comes to emergencies, it’s essential to be prepared for anything that comes your way. While schools often teach basic emergency preparedness, there are many situations that traditional school curriculums don’t cover. In this article, we’ll cover 12 unique emergency situations and survival tips that can help you stay safe.
There are many miles of undiscovered areas beneath the crust we can’t even come close to. Scientists found what appears to be underground mountains buried inside the mantle. Our planet is divided into 3 layers — the crust, the mantle, and the core. The crust is where 8 billion people, trillions of trees, and millions of animals live and thrive. There are also different types of crusts in the land and the ocean. The oceanic crust contains unique rocks and is denser than the land crust. We all see how the Earth is divided and color-coded to show the crust, mantle, and core in textbooks. But there are also special layers in between that not everyone talks about.
Well, it’s time to stretch your legs and take a walk in the park! The sun is shining, and you enjoy the weather and life on the whole. That’s when you spot a rapidly growing vertical cloud.Bright white at first, it’s approaching alarmingly fast, becoming dense and inky. The sky is darkening, and a gust of wind blows the hat off your head.And then, your hair starts to stand on end! That’s your cue to run for your life — you’re about to be hit by lightning! At this very moment, positive charges are rising through your body.
If there were cataclysms on Earth every 5 minutes, living conditions on our planet would be almost the same as 4.5 billion years ago. Back then, seas and oceans boiled, lightning struck everywhere, tectonic plates changed their shape, lava flowed from volcanoes. And worse, no internet! The Earth resembled a vast, boiling cauldron, where life was gradually being created. If it starts to boil again, this cauldron could destroy almost all life on the planet.
The Earth has three main layers. Two parts of the core: the dense, hot inner core and the molten outer core. Then comes the mantle. And then follows the thin crust — the surface that supports life as we know it. At least that’s what we thought because now scientists found a new mysterious layer located deep within the solid inner core. Earth’s inner core is approximately 2/3 the size of the Moon and made of nickel and solid iron. It’s burning hot. The temperature at the center of our planet is the same as at the surface of the Sun. The outer core can reach almost 10,000 F (5,500 C).
Hmm. On the outside, the surface of this lake looks like the aftermath of a disaster. Empty tree trunks spike out of the turquoise waters. The lake is surrounded by mountains, making it a quiet but unsettling place. But those who dare to swim under these dangerous waters will soon discover a whole new world!
Ahh, don’t you just love the smell of fresh air in the morning? Imagine you’ve just woken up and done your little morning stretch. You’re about to open your bedroom window to freshen the room up a bit when you notice your windows are stuck. Sure, if it’s wintertime, they might have got frozen overnight. But it can also mean something way more dangerous. Windows may get stuck before one treacherous natural phenomenon, which happens because of the changes in the soil and rock around your house. I’m talking about landslides.
Hi there! I invite you to look at some of the coolest phenomena mother nature has. I’ll start with the red sky. I admit that this scenery is kinda scary, as if it’s a scene from a movie. How can our blue sky turn red? Zhoushan’s authorities assured people that this abnormality wasn’t related to solar activity. This tint appeared due to the refraction of red lights from fishing boats. That day, the weather was foggy and cloudy. The light got reflected from the low-hanging clouds. When weather conditions are right, aerosol particles and droplets of other liquids in the atmosphere refract and scatter the light. In this case, the light source was on fishing boats.
You’re having breakfast at home and wave at the passengers of a plane passing by your house. Ah, another one. You live on the 739th floor of X-Seed 4000. It’s an entire city contained in one massive skyscraper. It sounds unrealistic right now, but one day it may become a reality. Let’s see what we’d need to make it happen. But first, let’s browse through the list of once tallest constructions on the planet. The Great Pyramid of Giza, originally standing at 481 ft, used to be the tallest structure ever built by humans for over 3,800 years. The Lincoln Cathedral took this title away from the Great Pyramid only in 1311, winning by just one foot [482 ft].
Seas and oceans are so vast that a human brain can hardly imagine what treasures and secrets they hide. Perhaps that’s the reason why this Reddit thread, where experienced sailors were asked to share the weirdest and most supernatural stuff they have witnessed while at sea, became so popular.
Every natural phenomenon has its tell — its signature calling card. It can be an unusual sky color, a weird sound, or even strangely behaving wildlife — something always precedes the event. And, well, it’s easier to deal with something when you know what to expect.
We’ve all been exposed to a dire situation at least once in our lives. Clearly, these times are never expected, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t act in a conscious, calculating, smart way. In that case, the best way to face these unfortunate situations is likely to get prepared in advance. In the end, this preparedness could save our lives, so it’s definitely worth doing.
Petra is an ancient city, carved into rocks. It is located in the country of Jordan — most of which is covered in deserts. Getting to this unique object is no easy task — it is only possible to do through a narrow canyon. But this doesn’t stop tourists.
Almost all of us have heard from our parents, “When I was your age...” Often, we didn’t even want to hear the end of this phrase, because, in our opinion, they were going to say something boring. But it turns out that our ancestors could have had just as much fun as we do now.
A former Navy SEAL shared his most important advice if you ever find yourself trapped in a car: “if you panic, you will lose your oxygen,” he says. Staying calm is one of the basic guidelines to survive a disaster in your car. But there are a few other things to know that will provide you with the chance to survive the worst.
Life isn’t full of only pleasant surprises, and people who can give qualified medical first aid are not always around. It’s always better to know in advance how to handle unpleasant situations. Reddit users discussed ways to escape from complicated scenarios with minimum or no loss at all.
Due to a powerful earthquake that happened in 2011 in Japan, the Earth started spinning 1.8 microseconds faster. So if you feel like you don’t have enough time, you know what to blame. But seriously, Japan is so unique that it had a chance to influence the planet’s rotation speed. It is truly a whole other universe and we found 16 facts that prove it.
“Good stories deserve a little embellishment,” says good old Gandalf. And although it works well enough for fiction, history doesn’t forgive such things. Incorrect interpretations of events and numerous assumptions turn into school textbook facts over time.Bright Side gathered 6 such well-known history facts we shouldn’t have ever believed.
A photograph can say more than a thousand words ever can. We put together a few of the most affecting photos we could find, taken in all corners of the world. There’s not a single one that will leave you feeling indifferent. They’re all so full of love, humour, kindness, suffering, beauty, courage — in short, all the things we encounter in this life.