A Guide to How Long Various Dog Breeds Live

6 months ago

Dogs are often considered beloved family members. And when bringing a furry friend into your family, it’s essential to consider various factors, including the breed’s life expectancy. Some breeds have a lifespan of under 10 years, while others can live for up to 20 years or more.


As a dog owner, it’s important to provide your pet with plenty of attention and physical activity. Dogs require daily walks to release their energy and stay active. Some dogs may benefit from off-leash exercise in designated areas where they can run and play.

Additionally, many owners opt to enroll their pets in training classes or other activities at special clubs. The type and amount of activity depends on the individual dog’s needs and the owner’s preferences.


To ensure your canine companion enjoys a lengthy lifespan, it’s essential to keep a close eye on their health, schedule routine check-ups, and ensure they receive vaccinations and other necessary procedures on a regular basis. Additionally, if your furry friend suffers from any chronic illnesses, it’s crucial to keep them under control and follow your veterinarian’s guidance to the letter.

It’s important to note that specific dog breeds have a higher likelihood of developing particular health conditions. Familiarize yourself with these breeds and their corresponding symptoms, so you can quickly seek professional help if necessary.

It’s worth keeping in mind that, similar to humans, dogs require regular dental check-ups. Neglecting their oral health can lead to periodontal disease, which results in gum inflammation and tooth loss.


Maintaining good hygiene is crucial for your pet’s well-being. Neglecting basic cleanliness protocols can result in the proliferation of bacteria on your pet’s bowls, as well as other surfaces in your household.

  • After a walk, it’s crucial to wash your pet’s paws and any other soiled areas thoroughly. Check that there’s no debris or dirt trapped between their paw pads and under their claws to prevent any potential health issues.
  • Giving your dog a thorough bath regularly, according to their breed and coat requirements, is crucial.
  • If your pet has medium-length or long hair, it’s important to brush their fur regularly.
  • It’s crucial to monitor your pet’s ears and eyes regularly and ensure they are clean.
  • It’s important to keep an eye on your pet’s teeth and ensure they’re in good condition. You can use a special toothpaste to brush your dog’s teeth, following the advice of your veterinarian.
  • To maintain your pet’s health, make sure to wash their bowls every day to keep them clean.
  • It’s important to wash and disinfect your pet’s toys regularly using mild detergents that won’t trigger any allergies.
  • Additionally, it’s important not to forget about cleaning their clothes, towels, and bedding regularly.


Providing your dog with a healthy and balanced diet is crucial, whether you choose to buy dog food or make it yourself. Your dog’s diet should include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and essential minerals required for an active life. It is essential to consult with your veterinarian and follow their recommendations for your dog’s dietary requirements.

Ensuring that your dog doesn’t overeat is important, as excess weight can have negative impacts on its health and potentially shorten its lifespan. Providing your pet with constant access to clean drinking water is also crucial, as dogs cannot live without water.

Which dogs live longer

Small animals and insects generally have shorter lifespans compared to larger ones in the wild. For instance, houseflies live for about a month, rats live for 2-3 years, horses can live up to 30 years, and African elephants can live up to 70 years. However, when it comes to dogs, size does not necessarily correlate with their lifespan.

In general, small dogs have a longer lifespan compared to large dogs. While the reason for this is not fully understood, experts suggest that age-related diseases tend to develop earlier in larger breeds. Small dogs typically live for 10-15 years, with some breeds living up to 18 years or more. Medium-sized dogs have a lifespan of around 10-13 years, while large dogs generally live for 8-12 years.

  • Small dogs live 10–15 years, and some breeds live up to 18 years or more.
  • Medium-sized dogs live 10–13 years, but some breeds live longer.
  • Large dogs live 8–12 years.

It is important to note that these figures are averages and can vary depending on the breed and individual dog. For more specific information, it is best to consult the breed description or a veterinarian. It has been observed that mixed-breed dogs tend to live longer than purebred dogs, possibly due to their stronger immune systems and lower likelihood of genetic diseases.

Life expectancy of popular dog breeds

Average life expectancy of the most popular dog breeds is:

  • Labrador Retriever — 11 years
  • German Shepherd — 11 years
  • Golden Retriever — 11 years
  • French Bulldog — 8–10 years
  • Bulldog — 8–12 years
  • Beagle — 12–15 years
  • Poodle — 12 years
  • Rottweiler — 9 years
  • German Shorthaired Pointer — 12–14 years
  • Boxer — 9–10 years
  • Siberian Husky — 12–15 years
  • Great Dane — 6–8 years
  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi — 12–15 years
  • Doberman Pinscher — 10–13 years
  • Australian Shepherd — 12–18 years
  • Miniature Schnauzer — 12–14 years
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel — 9–14 years
  • Shih Tzu — 12–16 years
  • Boston Terrier — 11–15 years
  • Havanese — 14–16 years
  • Shetland Sheepdog — 12–13 years
  • Bernese Mountain Dogs — 6–8 years
  • Pug — 12–15 years
  • Russian Toy — 10–15 years

Dog Breeds with a Short Lifespan

The life expectancy of dog breeds that live fewer years than other breeds (average numbers):

  • French Mastiff — 5–8 years
  • Great Dane — 6–8 years
  • Bernese Mountain Dog — 6–8 years
  • Irish Wolfhound — 6–10 years
  • Neapolitan Mastiff — 7–9 years
  • Leonberger — 8–9 years
  • Newfoundland — 8–10 years
  • Saint Bernard — 8–10 years
  • Scottish Deerhound — 8–10 years
  • Bloodhound — 9–11 years

The top 10 dog breeds with the longest lifespan

  • Mediterranean Maltese — 12–15 years
  • Jack Russell Terrier — 13–16 years
  • Yorkshire Terrier — 16–20 years
  • Toy Poodle — 14–20 years
  • Cockapoo — 12–18 years
  • Scottish Collie — 12–16 years
  • Lhasa Apso — 14–20 years
  • Pomeranian — 12–16 years
  • Dachshund — 14–20 years
  • Chihuahua — 14–20 years

These are also average numbers.

Recognizing typical aging indications in dogs

Pets exhibit various signs when they are aging, which can be helpful in adjusting their care appropriately.

  • Eyes: Dogs’ eyesight tends to decline and their eyes may become cloudy as they age.
  • Frequent urination: In elderly dogs, this is often caused by kidney problems.
  • Behavior change: As dogs age, they may experience changes in their behavior, such as a shorter temper, dementia, and confusion.
  • Difficulty getting up: Arthritis or hip dysplasia may develop in older dogs, making it difficult for them to get up.
  • Weight change: As dogs get older, their metabolic rate changes, and they may develop thyroid problems, which can cause weight gain or loss.
  • Lethargy: As dogs age, they tend to become more lethargic, losing interest in activities such as playing and running that they used to enjoy.
  • Sleepiness: As dogs age, they tend to sleep more and more deeply.
  • Fatty lumps: There is a possibility for dogs to develop fatty lumps called lipomas as they age. These are typically benign and do not cause pain.


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